Xu, Ming

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Ming Xu is an Associate Professor in the Department of Ecology, Evolution & Natural Resources at Rutgers University. His research focuses on climate change impacts and adaptation, especially the impact on ecosystem functions, services and biodiversity; ecosystem-based adaptation; ecosystem carbon accounting and modeling. He has published more than 150 peer-reviewed papers in international climate, ecology, and environmental sciences journals. He has also published 4 books in his field.


Mojtaba Zeraatpisheh, Eduardo Leonel Bottega, Esmaeil Bakhshandeh, Hamid Reza Owliaie, Ruhollah Taghizadeh-Mehrjardi, Ruth Kerry, Thomas Scholten, Ming Xu, Spatial variability of soil quality within management zones: Homogeneity and purity of delineated zones, CATENA, Volume 209, Part 1,

2022, 105835, ISSN 0341-8162, (

Zhang, X., Wang, S., Huang, Y., Xie, Z., and Xu, M.: Mapping photovoltaic power plants in China using Landsat, Random Forest, and Google Earth Engine, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss. [preprint],, in review, 2022.

Blair, M. E, Le, M. D, & Xu, M. (2022). Species distribution modeling to inform transboundary species conservation and management under climate change: promise and pitfalls. Frontiers of Biogeography. Retrieved from

Wang, Y.; Wang, S.; Xu, M. Landscape Perception Identification and Classification Based on Electroencephalogram (EEG) Features. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 629.

Mojtaba Zeraatpisheh, Younes Garosi, Hamid Reza Owliaie, Shamsollah Ayoubi, Ruhollah Taghizadeh-Mehrjardi, Thomas Scholten, Ming Xu, Improving the spatial prediction of soil organic carbon using environmental covariates selection: A comparison of a group of environmental covariates, CATENA, Volume 208, 2022, 105723, ISSN 0341-8162, (

Rahman, M.M.; Kundu, G.K.; Kabir, M.E.; Ahmed, H.; Xu, M. Assessing Tree Coverage and the Direct and Mediation Effect of Tree Diversity on Carbon Storage through Stand Structure in Homegardens of Southwestern Bangladesh. Forests 2021, 12, 1661.

Arif, A.; Xu, M.; Rashid, J.; Saraj, C.S.; Li, W.; Akram, B.; Hu, B. Efficient Recovery of Lithium Cobaltate from Spent Lithium-Ion Batteries for Oxygen Evolution Reaction. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 3343.

Rahman, M.M.; Kundu, G.K.; Kabir, M.E.; Ahmed, H.; Xu, M. Opposing Ecological Strategies Together Promote Biomass Carbon Storage in Homegardens Agroforestry of Southern Bangladesh. Forests 2021, 12, 1669.

Muhammad Adeel, Noman Shakoor, Muhammad Shafiq, Anna Pavlicek, Florian Part, Christian Zafiu, Ali Raza,Muhammad Arslan Ahmad, Ghulam Jilani, Jason C. White, Eva-Kathrin Ehmoser, Iseult Lynch, Xu Ming, Yukui Rui,A critical review of the environmental impacts of manufactured nano-objects on earthworm species, Environmental Pollution,Volume 290, 2021,118041, ISSN 0269-7491, (

Mojtaba Zeraatpisheh, Shamsollah Ayoubi, Zahra Mirbagheri, Mohammad Reza Mosaddeghi, Ming Xu,Spatial prediction of soil aggregate stability and soil organic carbon in aggregate fractions using machine learning algorithms and environmental variables,Geoderma Regional,Volume 27, 2021, e00440,ISSN 2352-0094, (

Azeem, I.; Adeel, M.; Ahmad, M.A.; Shakoor, N.; Jiangcuo, G.D.; Azeem, K.; Ishfaq, M.; Shakoor, A.; Ayaz, M.; Xu, M.; Rui, Y. Uptake and Accumulation of Nano/Microplastics in Plants: A Critical Review. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 2935.

Azeem, I.; Adeel, M.; Ahmad, M.A.; Shakoor, N.; Jiangcuo, G.D.; Azeem, K.; Ishfaq, M.; Shakoor, A.; Ayaz, M.; Xu, M.; Rui, Y. Uptake and Accumulation of Nano/Microplastics in Plants: A Critical Review. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 2935.

Osman, R.; Tahir, M.N.; Ata-Ul-Karim, S.T.; Ishaque, W.; Xu, M. Exploring the Impacts of Genotype-Management-Environment Interactions on Wheat Productivity, Water Use Efficiency, and Nitrogen Use Efficiency under Rainfed Conditions. Plants 2021, 10, 2310.

Daramola, M. T., & Xu, M. (2021). Recent changes in global dryland temperature and precipitation. International Journal of Climatology, 1– 16.

Renshan Li, Xin Guan, Jianming Han, Yanzhao Zhang, Weidong Zhang, Jiao Wang, Yanqing Huang, Ming Xu, Longchi Chen, Silong Wang, Qingpeng Yang,Litter decomposition was retarded by understory removal but was unaffected by thinning in a Chinese fir [Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook] plantation, Applied Soil Ecology, Volume 163 ,2021,103968 ISSN 0929-1393, (

Rahman, M.M., Zimmer, M., Ahmed, I. et al. Co-benefits of protecting mangroves for biodiversity conservation and carbon storage. Nat Commun 12, 3875 (2021).

Rashid, J.; Saleemi, F.; Akram, B.; Wang, L.; Hussain, N.; Xu, M. Facile Synthesis of g-C3N4/MoO3 Nanohybrid for Efficient Removal of Aqueous Diclofenac Sodium. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 1564.

Kaur, M., Bhatti, S.S., Soodan, R.K. et al. Physico-chemical Characterization of Agricultural Soil Samples and Their Modulatory Effects on Cytogenetic and Biochemical Parameters of Allium cepa. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 21, 1890–1903 (2021).

Xu, M., Li, X., Kuyper, T.W., Xu, M., Li, X. and Zhang, J. (2021), High microbial diversity stabilizes the responses of soil organic carbon decomposition to warming in the subsoil on the Tibetan Plateau. Glob Change Biol, 27: 2061-2075.

Wakeel, A.; Wang, L.; Xu, M. SPEECHLESS and MUTE Mediate Feedback Regulation of Signal Transduction during Stomatal Development. Plants 2021, 10, 432.

Wang, L.; Kaur, M.; Zhang, P.; Li, J.; Xu, M. Effect of Different Agricultural Farming Practices on Microbial Biomass and Enzyme Activities of Celery Growing Field Soil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12862.

Li, R., Zhang, Y., Yu, D., Wang, Y., Zhao, X., Zhang, R., Zhang, W., Wang, Q., Xu, M., Chen, L., Wang, S., Han, J., & Yang, Q. (2021). The decomposition of green leaf litter is less temperature sensitive than that of senescent leaf litter: An incubation study. Geoderma, 381, 114691. 

Zeraatpisheh, M., Ayoubi, S., Mirbagheri, Z., Mosaddeghi, M. R., & Xu, M. (2021). Spatial prediction of soil aggregate stability and soil organic carbon in aggregate fractions using machine learning algorithms and environmental variables. Geoderma Regional, 27. 

Wang, L.; Liu, Y.; Kaur, M.; Yao, Z.; Chen, T.; Xu, M. Phytotoxic Effects of Polyethylene Microplastics on the Growth of Food Crops Soybean (Glycine max) and Mung Bean (Vigna radiata). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10629.

Zhang, X.; Zeraatpisheh, M.; Rahman, M.M.; Wang, S.; Xu, M. Texture Is Important in Improving the Accuracy of Mapping Photovoltaic Power Plants: A Case Study of Ningxia Autonomous Region, China. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 3909.

Wang, Y.; Xu, M. Electroencephalogram Application for the Analysis of Stress Relief in the Seasonal Landscape. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8522.

Wang, Y.; Wang, S.; Xu, M. The Function of Color and Structure Based on EEG Features in Landscape Recognition. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4866.

Blair, M. E; Nguyen, T. A; Le, M. D; Liu, Z.; Meng, T.; Horning, N., et al. (2022). Karst as an abiotic driver of François’ langur distribution, with predictions for biological communities on karst under climate change. Frontiers of Biogeography. Retrieved from

liu, M., Wang, Y., Sun, J., Zhang, Z., Xu, X., Zhou, H., Wu, G.-lin, Xu, M., Tsunekawa, A., Haregeweyn, N., & Tsubo, M. (2020). Shift in nurse effect from facilitation to competition with increasing size of Salix cupularis canopy in a desertified alpine meadow on the Tibetan Plateau. CATENA, 195, 104757. 

Fan, X., Cao, X., Zhou, H., Hao, L., Dong, W., He, C., Xu, M., Wu, H., Wang, L., Chang, Z., & Zheng, Y. (2020). Carbon dioxide fertilization effect on plant growth under soil water stress associates with changes in stomatal traits, leaf photosynthesis, and foliar nitrogen of Bell Pepper (capsicum annuum L.). Environmental and Experimental Botany, 179, 104203. 

Zheng, Y., He, C., Guo, L., Hao, L., Cheng, D., Li, F., Peng, Z., & Xu, M. (2020). Soil water status triggers CO2 fertilization effect on the growth of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum). Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 291, 108097. 

Zhang, Z, Sun, J, Liu, M, et al. Don’t judge toxic weeds on whether they are native but on their ecological effects. Ecol Evol. 2020; 10: 9014– 9025.

Sun, J., Liu, M., Fu, B., Kemp, D., Zhao, W., Liu, G., Han, G., Wilkes, A., Lu, X., Chen, Y., Cheng, G., Zhou, T., Hou, G., Zhan, T., Peng, F., Shang, H., Xu, M., Shi, P., He, Y., … Liu, S. (2020). Reconsidering the efficiency of grazing exclusion using fences on the Tibetan Plateau. Science Bulletin, 65(16), 1405–1414. 

Rashid, J., Karim, S., Kumar, R. et al. A facile synthesis of bismuth oxychloride-graphene oxide composite for visible light photocatalysis of aqueous diclofenac sodium. Sci Rep 10, 14191 (2020).

Liu, M., Zhang, Z., Sun, J., Li, Y., Liu, Y., Liyew Berihun, M., Xu, M., Tsunekawa, A., & Chen, Y. (2020). Restoration efficiency of short-term grazing exclusion is the highest at the stage shifting from light to moderate degradation at Zoige, Tibetan Plateau. Ecological Indicators, 114, 106323. 

Liu, M., Zhang, Z., Sun, J. et al. The Response of Vegetation Biomass to Soil Properties along Degradation Gradients of Alpine Meadow at Zoige Plateau. Chin. Geogr. Sci. 30, 446–455 (2020).

Liu, M., Zhang, Z., Sun, J., Wang, Y., Wang, J., Tsunekawa, A., Yibeltal, M., Xu, M., & Chen, Y. (2020). One-year grazing exclusion remarkably restores degraded alpine meadow at Zoige, eastern Tibetan Plateau. Global Ecology and Conservation, 22. 

Li, R., Han, J., Guan, X., Chi, Y., Zhang, W., Chen, L., Wang, Q., Xu, M., Yang, Q., & Wang, S. (2020). Crown pruning and understory removal did not change the tree growth rate in a Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) plantation. Forest Ecology and Management, 464, 118056. 

Wakeel, A.; Xu, M. Chromium Morpho-Phytotoxicity. Plants 2020, 9, 564.

Shen, R, Xu, M, Chi, Y, Yu, S, Wan, S, He, N. Microbial membranes related to the thermal acclimation of soil heterotrophic respiration in a temperate steppe in northern China. Eur J Soil Sci. 2020; 71: 484– 494.

Chi, Y.; Yang, Q.; Zhou, L.; Shen, R.; Zheng, S.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, Z.; Xu, M.; Wu, C.; Lin, X.; Jin, J. Temperature Sensitivity in Individual Components of Ecosystem Respiration Increases along the Vertical Gradient of Leaf–Stem–Soil in Three Subtropical Forests. Forests 2020, 11, 140.

Zeraatpisheh, M.; Bakhshandeh, E.; Emadi, M.; Li, T.; Xu, M. Integration of PCA and Fuzzy Clustering for Delineation of Soil Management Zones and Cost-Efficiency Analysis in a Citrus Plantation. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5809.

Zhang, X.; Xu, M. Assessing the Effects of Photovoltaic Powerplants on Surface Temperature Using Remote Sensing Techniques. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1825.

Rahman, M.M.; Zhang, X.; Ahmed, I.; Iqbal, Z.; Zeraatpisheh, M.; Kanzaki, M.; Xu, M. Remote Sensing-Based Mapping of Senescent Leaf C:N Ratio in the Sundarbans Reserved Forest Using Machine Learning Techniques. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1375.

Sun, J, Zhou, T-C, Liu, M, et al. Water and heat availability are drivers of the aboveground plant carbon accumulation rate in alpine grasslands on the Tibetan Plateau. Global Ecol Biogeogr. 2020; 29: 50– 64.

Wakeel, A.; Xu, M.; Gan, Y. Chromium-Induced Reactive Oxygen Species Accumulation by Altering the Enzymatic Antioxidant System and Associated Cytotoxic, Genotoxic, Ultrastructural, and Photosynthetic Changes in Plants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 728.

Zheng, Y., Li, F., Hao, L. et al. Elevated CO2 concentration induces photosynthetic down-regulation with changes in leaf structure, non-structural carbohydrates and nitrogen content of soybean. BMC Plant Biol 19, 255 (2019).

Shang, H., Xu, M., Zhao, F., & Tijjani, S. B. (2019). Spatial and Temporal Variations in Precipitation Amount, Frequency, Intensity, and Persistence in China, 1973–2016, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 20(11), 2215-2227. Retrieved Feb 1, 2022, from

Wakeel A, Jan SA, Ullah I, Shinwari ZK, Xu M. Solvent polarity mediates phytochemical yield and antioxidant capacity of Isatis tinctoria. PeerJ. 2019 Oct 9;7:e7857. doi: 10.7717/peerj.7857. PMID: 31616599; PMCID: PMC6790100.

Rashid, J., Parveen, N., Iqbal, A. et al. Facile synthesis of g-C3N4(0.94)/CeO2(0.05)/Fe3O4(0.01) nanosheets for DFT supported visible photocatalysis of 2-Chlorophenol. Sci Rep 9, 10202 (2019).

Perveen N, Ayub M, Shahzad T, Siddiq MR, Memon MS, Barot S, Saeed H, Xu M. 2019. Soil carbon mineralization in response to nitrogen enrichment in surface and subsurface layers in two land use types. PeerJ 7:e7130

Yang, Q., Zhang, W., Li, R., Zheng, W., Yang, J., Xu, M., Guan, X., Huang, K., Chen, L., Wang, Q., & Wang, S. (2019). Effects of girdling on STEM CO2 efflux and its temperature sensitivity in Chinese fir and sweetgum trees. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 268, 116–123. 

Hao, L., Guo, L., Li, R., Cheng, Y., Huang, L., Zhou, H., Xu, M., Li, F., Zhang, X., & Zheng, Y. (2019). Responses of photosynthesis to high temperature stress associated with changes in leaf structure and biochemistry of blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.). Scientia Horticulturae, 246, 251–264. 

Zhang, Y., Ji, G., Wang, C., Zhang, X., & Xu, M. (2019). Importance of denitrification driven by the relative abundances of microbial communities in coastal wetlands. Environmental Pollution, 244, 47–54. 

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