News in January 2018
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has appointed a new Advisory Committee for the Climate Communications Initiative (CCI), aimed at enabling its work on climate science, impacts, and response options to inform decision makers and the public. RCI affiliate Bill Hallman is a member of this new committee.
Increased transport of warm ocean air is responsible for mountain peaks in Alaska gaining snow while the state continues to warm at a rapid pace, according to the Washington Post. RCI affiliate David Robinson, who is an expert on snow cover, describes this as the work of natural and anthropogenic influences combining to create an unlikely result in a warming world.
The National Academies of Sciences, Medicine, and Engineering has released Coastal Blue Carbon Approaches for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration a workshop proceedings on carbon dioxide removal techniques. The benefits and risks of different methods of carbon sequestration such as coastal and land ecosystem management, accelerated weathering, bioenergy with carbon capture, direct air capture, and geologic sequestration are discussed in detail.
RCI affiliate Enrique Curchitser participated on the scientific panel on Climate Variability and Change that deliberated in the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine decadal survey on the future priorities of space-based earth operations. Building on the first survey published in 2007, this report Thriving on Our Changing Planet identifies reducing the most important research priorities as climate uncertainty, improving weather forecasts, and understanding sea level rise.
NOAA released their 12th annual Arctic Report Card, a peer-reviewed report providing information on the Arctic and comparing current observations with long-term records. The report is intended for decision-makers at local, state, and federal levels. The report explains how warming in the Arctic is negatively affecting eastern Bering Sea fisheries, damaging infrastructure, and increasing the number of wildfires.
Congratulations to RCI affiliate Robert Kopp Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences and Director of Rutgers’ Institute of Earth, Oceans, and Atmospheric Sciences, who has been awarded the prestigious James B. Macelwane Medal at this years American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting Honors Ceremony, held on 13 December 2017 in New Orleans, La. The medal is for “significant contributions to the geophysical sciences by an outstanding early career scientist.” Professor Kopp, discusses the impact of an unstable West Antarctic ice sheet on future sea level rise projections. Less severe projections are around 2 feet while more severe projections are around 6 feet, which would inundate the homes of more than 150 million worldwide.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations released the report Migration, Agriculture, and Climate Change: reducing vulnerabilities and enhancing resilience. Migration can be an adaptation strategy to climate change, but poorly managed migration can increase vulnerability to climate risks. Addressing challenges to migration under climate change is vital, especially for less developed countries. Additionally, FAO has released these additional reports: Africa Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition 2017, Social Protection, Emergency Response, Resilience, and Climate Change, Save Food for a Better Climate.
CDC has released a Death Scene Investigation after Natural Disasters or other Weather -Related Events for public health surveillance during disasters including guidance on death scene investigations after weather-related events such as heat waves and hurricanes.
The EPA’s Heat Island Reduction Program has come out with a new webpage that provides a simple decision framework for designing an assessment of a city’s heat island effect. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine released a report titled Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate which describes the critical role that ocean observations play in understanding long-term climate change and variability.